Spanish Civil War

Spanish Civil War

The Spanish Civil War, took place from 1936 to 1939. The Republicans, who were loyal to the democratic, left-leaning and relatively urban Second Spanish Republic, in an alliance of convenience with the Anarchists and Communists, fought against the Nationalists, a Falangist, Carlist, Catholic, and largely aristocratic conservative group led by General Francisco Franco.

Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso was a Spanish painter, sculptor, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. Regarded as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the Cubist movement. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907), and Guernica (1937), a dramatic portrayal of the bombing of Guernica by the German and Italian airforces.


Guernica is a mural-sized oil painting on canvas by Spanish artist Pablo Picasso completed in June 1937, at his home on Rue des Grands Augustins, in Paris. The painting, which uses a palette of gray, black, and white, is regarded by many art critics as one of the most moving and powerful anti-war paintings in history. The large mural shows the suffering of people wrenched by violence and chaos. Prominent in the composition are a gored horse, a bull, and flames.

The painting was created in response to the bombing of Guernica, a Basque Country village in northern Spain, by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italian warplanes at the request of the Spanish Nationalists.



Why did the German and Italian warplanes decide to bomb Guernica on April 27, 1937? 

The German and Italian warplanes decide to bomb Guernica on April 27 1937 for testing the saturation bombing.

Why did they choose this town in the Basque Province?

They choose this town because at that time it was the city symbol of the resistance of the Republicans who opposed the dictator Franco regime.

Who were the Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War?

The Nazionalist during the Spanish Civil War were the people who supported the nazi-fascist regime.

Explain briefly what Guernica shows and what it represents

Guernica is a paint by Pablo Picasso made in June 1937. It was created in response to the bombing of Guernica during the expo of Paris. It represent the distruction of the bombing of the city, and the despair of the people who lived it.

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